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骨关节疾病的根源:软骨

2016-10-13 15:18 http://www.cufl.com/ 点击:


    各类骨关节疾病,包括退行性关节炎、滑囊炎、滑膜炎、颈椎病、腰椎病、肩周炎、骨质增生、风湿性关节炎、类风湿性关节炎、股骨头坏死等,患病的根本原因并非是骨骼发生了病变,现代医学研究发现,病根在于软骨等“关节保护系统”对关节保护能力的丧失。目前,骨关节病不仅严重影响着人们的生活,而且也是老年人致残的主要因素。
 
    骨关节病 第一致残疾病
 
    临床上,骨关节炎是中老年人最常见的一类疾病,患者每天忍受疼痛、肿胀折磨,被世界卫生组织定义为“第一致残疾病”。最新一项对老年人的膝、髋及手部骨关节炎发病的随机抽样调查显示,65岁以上老年人骨关节炎患病率达50%以上,75岁以上人群中患病率达80%左右。
 
    骨关节病的患病原因虽然与年龄、性别、肥胖、遗传、环境、过度运动等有关,但最根本的原因是关节软骨的磨损和关节滑液的缺失,与体内缺乏蛋白多糖等营养直接相关。传统骨关节疾病治疗主要有物理治疗、手术治疗、药物治疗和非激素类治疗等方法,但是治标难治本,导致疾病发展、反复。
 
    病在关节 根在软骨
 
    骨关节疾病是病在关节,根在软骨。这是因为软骨本身存在新陈代谢,一旦磨损将不再生成。关节软骨的自然蜕变也是引发骨关节病的重要因素之一。软骨中的蛋白多糖含量会随着年龄的增长而减少,关节软骨弹性下降,胶原纤维出现断裂,导致关节软骨不断退化和磨损,关节滑液不足,出现软化、糜烂、脱落、软骨下骨暴露,骨与骨之间直接接触,发生硬性摩擦,关节出现疼痛、肿胀、骨摩擦音等症状,继而形成骨刺、骨赘。这样骨关节疾病就发生了。
 
    骨关节疾病多发于中老年人群中,但也不排除一些年轻人运动损伤关节的案例,病发部位通常为颈椎、腰椎、膝关节、踝关节、半月板等,一般由骨关节软骨发生融解、变薄引起,主要表现为骨刺形成、关节滑膜增生、关节积液、关节摩擦等症状,严重时会发生半月板碎裂、软骨剥脱、骨质坏死,引起关节变形、脱位,严重影响人体正常行动功能与生活。
 
    天冷了 要注意给关节保暖
 
    温度降低出现关节疼痛,多因骨关节炎、颈肩腰腿痛、类风湿性关节炎等病造成,且随年龄增长,症状会有所加重。另外,劳累、受寒是很多骨关节病的主要诱发因素。
 
    生活中,有些爱美女性,不顾天气降温仍穿着薄裙、短衣或穿薄丝袜等,暴露膝关节部位,导致薄弱环节受凉,引起炎症,造成疼痛,也增加骨性关节炎发作的机会。所以说市民要注意保暖,对于膝关节和腰部等部位,最好穿着厚一点的衣服,避免冷空气刺激关节使疼痛症状加重。同时,可以适当进行慢走、游泳等非剧烈运动,以预防疾病。



 

足球运动防护及保障

  2016-2017特步中国大学生校园足球联赛官方合作伙伴——风险管家,联合大地保险、国联人寿、平安好医生组成运动治疗、康复及保险保障的风险管理体系,将为参赛球队教练及运动员提供全面和专业的保障服务,包括因训练及比赛途中、比赛现场造成的意外伤害提供就医安排和费用保障、赛前运动伤害医疗知识普及、赛后康复治疗、心理咨询等,打造“运动防护及治疗、运动损伤保险”的双保险体系,真正解决教练及球员长久以来的后顾之忧,为大足联赛保驾护航。
 
  足球运动防护治疗学院 了解咨询企鹅群:127337625


 

All kinds of joint disease, including degenerative arthritis, slippery bursa phlogistic, synovitis, periarthritis of shoulder, cervical spondylosis, lumbar disease, bone hyperplasia, rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, femoral head necrosis, etc., the root cause of the illness is not bone lesions, modern medical study found that root lies in the cartilage "joint protection system" to the loss of joint protection ability. At present, the joint disease not only seriously affect people's lives, but also the main factors of the elderly disabled.
 
Oa. The first disabling disease
 
Clinically, the diseases such as osteoarthritis is the most common in the elderly, patients endure, swelling, pain, every day by the world health organization is defined as "the first disabling disease". A recent knee, hip and hand osteoarthritis of the aged disease, random sampling survey of 65 elderly aged bone arthritis prevalence of more than 50%, the 75 - year - old prevalence rate of 80% above the crowd.
 
Osteoarthrosis of risk factors though with age, sex, obesity, heredity, environment, excessive movement and so on, but the most fundamental reason is wear and tear of articular cartilage and synovial joints is missing, is directly related to lack of protein, polysaccharide and other nutrition in the body. Traditional joint disease treatment mainly include physical therapy, surgical treatment, drug therapy and non hormonal therapy, such as method, but take temporary solution difficult to effect a permanent cure, can lead to the development of disease, over and over again.
 
Disease root in cartilage in joints
 
Joint disease is a disease in the joints, the root in the cartilage. This is because the metabolism of cartilage itself exists, once wear will no longer be generated. Natural metamorphosis of articular cartilage is also one of the important factors that cause osteoarthropathy. Of cartilage proteoglycan content will be reduced with age, decreased elasticity, the collagen fiber fracture, articular cartilage in articular cartilage degeneration and wear, articular synovial fluid is insufficient, softening, erosion, fall off, the subchondral bone exposure, direct contact between bone and bone, rigid friction, joint pain, swelling, bone often wait for a symptom, and bone spurs, osteophyte formation. This joint disease.
 
Frequent joint disease in middle-aged and old people, but does not rule out some of the young people sports injury cases, joint disease location is usually cervical vertebra, lumbar, knee, ankle, meniscus, usually caused by a joint cartilage melting, thinning, main show is a bone spur formation, joint synovial hyperplasia, joint effusion, joint symptom such as friction, serious happens, cartilage, meniscus rupture stripped, bone necrosis, causes the joint deformation, dislocation, seriously affect the human body normal operation function and life.
 
The day is cold the Attention should be paid to warm your joints
 
Temperature lowering of joint pain, many because of osteoarthritis, neck, shoulder, waist, disease such as rheumatoid arthritis, and along with the age growth, the symptoms will be increased. In addition, tired and cold is the main inducing factors many osteoarthropathy.
 
Life, some women love the United States, regardless of the weather is cool still wearing thin skirt, jacket, or wear thin silk socks, knee joint position, lead to weak link catch cold catch cold, cause inflammation, causing pain, also increases the chance of onset of osteoarthritis. So people should pay attention to keep warm, for knee joint and waist, in areas such as the best dressed in thick clothes, avoid cold air stimulation make joint pain symptoms worse. At the same time, can be appropriate for the strenuous exercise such as walking, swimming, in order to prevent disease.


足球运动防护及保障

  2016-2017特步中国大学生校园足球联赛官方合作伙伴——风险管家,联合大地保险、国联人寿、平安好医生组成运动治疗、康复及保险保障的风险管理体系,将为参赛球队教练及运动员提供全面和专业的保障服务,包括因训练及比赛途中、比赛现场造成的意外伤害提供就医安排和费用保障、赛前运动伤害医疗知识普及、赛后康复治疗、心理咨询等,打造“运动防护及治疗、运动损伤保险”的双保险体系,真正解决教练及球员长久以来的后顾之忧,为大足联赛保驾护航。
 
  足球运动防护治疗学院 了解咨询企鹅群:127337625


 

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